The Massachusetts Boater Safety Handbook
The Official Boating Handbook of the Massachusetts Department of Natural Resources - Web Version
Table of Contents
Most propeller strike accidents result from operator error. Victims include swimmers, scuba divers, fallen water-skiers, and boat operators or passengers. Most propeller accidents can be prevented by following basic safe boating practices.
Maintain a proper lookout. The primary cause of propeller strike accidents is operator inattention.
Make sure the engine is off so that the propeller is not rotating when passengers are boarding or leaving a boat.
Never start a boat with the engine in gear.
Slow down when approaching congested areas and anchorages. In congested areas, always be alert for swimmers and divers.
Learn to recognize warning buoys that mark swimming and hazardous areas.
Keep the boat away from marked swimming and diving areas. Become familiar with the red and white or blue and white diver-down flags signaling that divers are below the surface.
Make sure that passengers are seated properly before getting underway. Some operators of larger boats with several passengers have caused injuries by putting the engine in gear while people were still swimming or diving from the boat.
Never ride on a seat back, gunwale, transom, or bow.
Devices That Reduce Propeller Strikes
There are several new technologies designed to reduce propeller strikes. The effectiveness of the devices varies, depending on the boat and the operating environment. For more information, read the article “Propeller Injury Intervention” on the U.S. Coast Guard’s Boating Safety website: http://www.uscgboating.org/recreational-boaters/.