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Sailboat encountering sailboat with wind on same side

When two sailing vessels are approaching one another with the wind on the same side, the leeward sailing vessel is the stand-on vessel. If a sailing vessel with the wind on its port (left) side cannot determine whether a windward sailing vessel has the wind on the left or the right, it should give way to the windward vessel.

Animation: Sailing Vessel Encountering Sailing Vessel—Wind on Same Side