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If a sailing vessel with the wind on its port (left) side cannot determine whether a windward sailing vessel has the wind on the left or the right, it should give way to the windward vessel.

Wind On Same Side

Sailing vessels encountering each other when the wind is on the same side

When two sailing vessels are approaching one another with the wind on the same side, the leeward sailing vessel is the stand-on vessel.

Wind on Different Sides

Sailing vessels encountering each other when the wind is on different sides

When two sailing vessels are approaching one another with the wind on different sides, the sailing vessel with the wind on its starboard (right) side is the stand-on vessel.