Adventures in Boating Washington Handbook
The Official Boating Handbook of the Washington State Parks - Web Version
Table of Contents
Personal Flotation Devices (Life Jackets)
When preparing to go out on a vessel, the operator must check that the legally required equipment is on board.
Personal flotation devices (PFDs) are either wearable life jackets or throwable Type IV devices.
All vessels (including non-motorized watercraft) must have at least one U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)–approved wearable Type I, II, or III PFD for each person on board. Non-motorized watercraft includes vessels such as canoes, inflatable rafts, kayaks, and sailboats. All PFDs must be readily accessible and should be easy to access without the need to remove any obstructions.
In addition to the above requirement, one USCG–approved throwable Type IV PFD must be on board vessels 16 feet or longer. Canoes and kayaks are exempt from this requirement.
Children 12 years old and younger must wear a USCG–approved wearable PFD at all times when underway in a vessel less than 19 feet in length, unless in a fully enclosed area.
Each person on board a personal watercraft (PWC) and anyone being towed behind a vessel must wear a USCG–approved wearable Type I, II, or III PFD. Inflatable PFDs are not recommended for these activities.
A Type V PFD may be substituted for any other type if it is approved for the activity at hand and is being worn.
Be sure to read the PFD's USCG label, which explains the intended use and recommended user weight and chest size. It is important to obey the USCG label.
All PFDs must be:
- USCG–approved and clearly marked with a USCG approval number.
- In good and serviceable condition.
- Readily accessible, which means you are able to put the PFD on quickly in an emergency.
- Of the proper size for the intended wearer. Sizing for PFDs is based on body weight and chest size.